The Soviet Union (1922-1991), different periods. Historical Maps and Plans


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The historical maps of the Soviet Union show the land, cities and towns of the Marxist-Leninist State of The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics abbreviated as USSR. Treaty on the creation of the Soviet Union was signed on 30th December 1922 at Moscow when it appeared on the World maps as the geographic successor of the past giant Russian Empire. With one sixth of the earth’s landmass, the USSR became the largest state with an area of 22,402,200 square kilometers. The roots of it were already established during the Russian Revolution of 1917. The bolsheviks (communists) were victorious and soon formed Soviet Union unifying the Russian, Ukrainian, Transcaucasian and Byelorussian republics. The state was recognized by Germany.

When Joseph Stalin came to power after Lenin’s death, the state under a planned economy witnessed a period of rapid industrialization and collectivization laying the foundation for world domination after World War II. The European extension accounted for a quarter of the whole and became a major cultural and economic hotspot. Towards the eastern Asian side, the territory extended to Pacific Ocean down to Afghanistan in the south. The territory of the USSR traversed over 10,000 kilometers from east to west and 7,200 kilometers north to south and encompassed 11 time zones with five climatic zones: tundra, taiga, steppes, desert and mountains. The map of this gigantic state of USSR was much less populous except in some areas of Central Asia and 72% of the population lived in the agricultural and industrial hotspots around the western portion of Europe.

The country excelled with its inventory of land and water. The state of Soviet Union held the world’s longest boundary, like that of nowadays Russia measuring over 60,000 kilometers. Two third of its total circumferences were the coastlines and across the Bering Strait was the United States. The highest mountain in the State was the Communism Peak located in Tajikistan at 7,495 meters. Other than peaks and boundaries the country also included most of world’s largest lake like the Caspian Sea shared with Iran and Lake Baikal in Russia. The part of the three major oceans - the Pacific, Arctic and Antarctic collided with the Soviet shores. It was a country rich with diversity, from the highest peak in Europe to the longest river, world’s deepest lakes, world’s lowest basins, broadest tablelands, dry desserts, swamps, grasslands and extensive forests.

Soviet Union shared its colossal boundaries with twelve countries, six on each continent of the world map. In Asia it bordered with – North Korea, China, Mongolia, Afghanistan, Iran and Turkey. While in Europe it shared its border with Romania, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Norway, Poland and Finland. Had the Russian Empire not sold a part of its Russian American territory then USSR would have had a border with Canada.

In decades after the establishment of USSR the country emerged to be one of the world’s most powerful nation and encompassed fifteen republics that of Russia, Georgia, Ukraine, Belorussia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Moldova, Latvia, Lithuania, Tajikistan, and Estonia. One of the most rich maps of the decade is this regions; with its many cities and colonies emerging.


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